U.S. History Resources

This webpage will provide several resources for you to look through. Some of these will be required to use throughout the course. Others will be just for pure enjoyment. Have fun!
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Even More Resources


General U.S. History Sites

Massachusetts Historical Society – The Massachusetts Historical Society (MHS) is an independent research library and manuscript repository. Its holdings encompass millions of rare and unique documents and artifacts vital to the study of American history, many of them irreplaceable national treasures. A few examples include correspondence between John and Abigail Adams, such as her famous “Remember the ladies”; several imprints of the Declaration of Independence; and Thomas Jefferson’s architectural drawings. It is a great place to visit if you are ever in the Boston area.

Freedom: A History of US – Come along on an exciting journey through Joy Hakim’s story of freedom in America. Explore a webisode and see why the promise of freedom has attracted millions of people from all over the world to come to America. Hear for yourself why generations of men, women, and children have lived for, sacrificed for, and died for that freedom. It is a story that is still unfolding today. It is your story too.

From Revolution to Reconstruction…and what happened afterwards – An Outline of American History

Have Fun with History – American History Teachers, homeschoolers, and history buffs now have an online resource full of American History streaming videos, activities, links and resources – because history is fun!

Reading Like a Historian – The Reading Like a Historian curriculum engages students in historical inquiry. Each lesson revolves around a central historical question and features sets of primary documents modified for groups of students with diverse reading skills and abilities.

The History Place – The Past into the Future

American History Timeline

United States Historical Flags

Historical maps of the United States

The Great Seal of the United States

History of the Income Tax in the United States

Landmark Supreme Court Cases

A Chronology of US Historical Documents

Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers – This site allows you to search and view newspaper pages from 1890-1910 and find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present.

Biographies of famous Americans
From Revolution to Reconstruction
A Biography of America

The History Makers – African American stories of success against the odds, of achievment in the face of adversity, and in all cases…the story of inspiration.

History Quest – Unusual and little known facts on American history

America on the Move explores the role of transportation in American history from 1876 to 2000.

Presidents of the United States

The Presidents of the United States – Biographies of all the presidents and First Ladies from the White House Site.

The American President – Biographies, essays, key events, personnel, and multimedia resources for all 43 presidential administrations plus essays on the workings of the American presidency.

American Presidents – An index on the presidents of the United States and contains information and documents of their speeches, writings, biographies and anything else related to their person or the office they are holding.

POTUS – Presidents of the United States
 – In this resource you will find background information, election results, cabinet members, notable events, and some points of interest on each of the presidents.

The Presidents – Explore the lives and careers of all the American Presidents

Secrets About the Presidents – Even presidents have their secrets. Find out some presidential facts that not many people know. And shhhhhh… don’t tell!

American Presidents: Life Portraits – Biographical facts, Key events of each presidency, Presidential places, Reference material

The Presidents Job

The President’s and Vice President’s Jobs

Constitutional Powers of the President of the United States

Ben’s Guide to the President of the United States

George Washington’s Mount Vernon – Learn about the home of George Washington

Interactive Timeline on the Life of George Washington

The Life of George Washington

Rediscovering George Washington

George Washington: A National Treasure – Explore the famous portrait of Washington painted by Gilbert Stewart

President’s Day

President’s: The Secret History

Abraham Lincoln Research Site

Abraham Lincoln Online

American Indians

Native Americans in Olden Times

The Anasazi

People and Culture of the Southwest

American Folklore – This folklore site contains retellings of American folktales, Native American myths and legends, tall tales, weather folklore and ghost stories from each and every one of the 50 United States. You can read about all sorts of famous characters like Paul Bunyan, Pecos Bill, Daniel Boone, and many more. So grab a cup of coffee, pull up a comfy chair, and stay awhile

Founding of a Nation

Archiving Early America– “Here at Archiving Early America, you will discover a wealth of resources– a unique array of primary source material from 18th Century America. Scenes and portraits from original newspapers, maps and writings come to life on your screen just as they appeared to this country’s forebears more than two centuries ago.”

The Jamestown Online Adventure Game

On the Trail of Captain John Smith: A Jamestown Adventure

Jamestown Settlement – At Jamestown Settlement, you’ll learn about the people of 17th-century Virginia – Powhatan Indians and European and African immigrants.

You Be the Historian – Historians study the everyday lives of people who lived in the past by looking at clues: the objects and documents that people left behind and that have somehow survived. Someday future historians interested in the history of the early 21st century may study your family!

Colonial Kids – A Celebration of Life in the 1700’s

Colonial Williamsburg – Where History Lives

Plimouth Plantation

The First Thanksgiving – Find out about the daily lives of the Pilgrims and the Wamponoag as you go back to the year of the first Thanksgiving.

The First Thankgiving – Primary Sources

American Life: A Comparison of Colonial Life to Today’s Life

Clickable Map of the 13 Colonies

Understanding the Salem With Trials – EDSITEment Lesson Plan

The Trial of John Peter Zenger – One of the most important events in American journalism history was the libel trail of John Peter Zenger, printer of the New York Weekly Journal which occurred in New York in 1735.

Religion and the Church in the 13 American Colonies – This is a brief, clearly written introduction to the topic of colonial religion in America.

The American Revolution

The American Revolution (Home)

Liberty! The American Revolution

Liberty! The Road to Revolution game

Independence – The colonists in America decide to stake everything on an armed struggle for freedom and a chance to build a new kind of nation.

Liberty’s Kids – Welcome to the companion site for Liberty’s Kids, an animated adventure television series for children ages 8-14, about three kids who, by working as reporters for the Philadelphia Gazette during the American Revolution.

Freedom: The History of US – Indepencence

Conflict and Revolution 1775-1776 – Here is a timeline of key events leading to the American Revolution with thumbnail pictures.

Teaching with Documents: Images of the American Revolution

The Boston Massacre

The Account of The Boston Massacre – As reported in The Boston Gazette and Country Journal

Boston Massacre – A Behind-the-Scenes Look At Paul Revere’s Most Famous Engraving

The Boston Massacre – Facts and Questions

The Boston Tea Party – Eyewitness to History

Crispus Attucks, a black man, became the first casualty of the American Revolution when he was shot and killed in what became known as the Boston Massacre.

John Adams – A miniseries on the life of John Adams and the first 50 years of the United States. The series also explores the extraordinary relationship between John and Abigail Adams. The companion website includes lesson plans and activities.

John and Abigail Adams – Meet the Original Power Couple

Ben’s Guide: Benjamin Franklin – Tells about Franklin’s contributions as a printer, librarian, inventor, and statesman. Also includes a timeline of his life.

Benjamin Franklin: An Extraordinary Life, and Electric Mind.

Benjamin Franklin: Glimpses of the Man – Timeline, family tree and sections on his career as scientist, inventor, statesman, printer, philosopher, musician and economist.

Ben Franklin’s List of Virtues

The “Shot heard round the world” – The Battle at Lexington Green in 1775 that started the American Revolution

Thomas Paine and Common Sense – Read about the very influential pamphlet that turned the tide for independence.

Israel Bissell’s Ride – You’ve heard about Paul Revere, but how about Israel Bissell?

Yankee Doodle – What is a “Yankee Doodle” anyway?

The Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence Explained
The Declaration of Independence – Studying the Declaration
Ben’s Guide to the Declaration of Independence
National Archives – The complete text of the Declaration
Eyewitness to History: Thomas Jefferson writes the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Indepence from Sparknotes.com
Important Ideas in the Declaration of Independence
Celebrate America – The Fourth of July
The First Fourth of July
Fourth of July Symbols

The British Surrender at Yorktown – the last battle of the American Revolution

Biographies of the Founding Fathers

The Constitution

The Magna Carta

The Story of King John and the Magna Carta

The Mayflower Compact

The Articles of Confederation
Ben’s Guide to the Articles

The Constitution and the Congress
The United States Constitution

Congress for Kids: The Constitution – Introduction, Delegates to the Constitutional Convention, The Work Begins, Writing the Constitution, The Great Compromise, Signing the Constitution, Ratifying the Constitution, Bill of Rights, Powers of the Federal Government, The Three Branches of Government, Checks and Balances, Amendments, Women and the Right to Vote

A Roadmap to the U.S. Constitution – Everything that you’ve ever wanted to know about the U.S. Constitution is only a click away! This site is dedicated to providing students of all kinds with knowledge of the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights.

The Centuries of Citizenship: A Constitutional Timeline – An online experience highlighting some of the key dates and events that mark more than 200 years of our constitutional history.

Courts in the Classroom: An interactive journey into civics – Take a look around and find out about your rights, the law, and how kids like you make a difference in our government.

The Constitution from Sparknotes.com

The Constitution for Kids – A great site to learn about the Constitution.

The Federalist Papers

The Federalist Papers were a series of articles written under the pen name of Publius by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. Madison, widely recognized as the Father of the Constitution, would later go on to become President of the United States. Jay would become the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. Hamilton would serve in the Cabinet and become a major force in setting economic policy for the US.

George Washington’s Letter to Alexander Hamilton regarding the Rederalist Papers

Thomas Jefferson’s Letter to James Madison Regarding the Federalist Papers

Three Branches of Government Puzzles and Games

The U.S. Constitution – What it Says. What it Means.

Constitution Fun Facts

A More Perfect Union: The Creation of the U.S. Constitution

Things that are not in the U.S. Constitution – A lot of people presume a lot of things about the Constitution. Some are true, some are not. This page will detail some of the things that people think are in the Constitution, but are not.

Practice Test for the U.S. Citizenship Test

U.S. Citizenship Test – Could you pass the U.S. Naturalization Test?

Who Voted in the First Two American Presidential Elections?

The Bill of Rights Virtual Museum – On April 30, 1789, George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States. The new United States Constitution had already been ratified, yet the future of the new country was still at risk. Many of the founding fathers were demanding a “bill of rights” which would protect the people from the government. This list of rights was to be added to the Constitution to guarantee individual liberties, to make sure that the new government would not treat citizens like the old colonial government of Great Britain did. But not everyone agreed that this bill of rights was necessary. Learn about the rights that are protected by this famous document in the Web Museum.

Bill of Rights Match Game

The Bill of Rights Explained (Scroll down to The Amendments)

First Amendment Rights in Everyday Life

Teaching with Documents: Observing Constitution Day

The Constitution and the Jury System – Student worksheets

Ben’s Guide to the Constitution

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Marbury v. Madison

The Federalists and Anti-Federalists – Learn about the fight to ratify the Constitution

Thomas Jefferson’s Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom – Jefferson first drafted his “Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom” in 1777. Although it was not enacted into law until 1786, it firmly established the principles of religious freedom and the separation of church and state and provided the basis for the First Amendment’s clause on religion. Jefferson directed that on his tombstone he should not be remembered as president of the United States or for any of the other high offices he held, but as the author of the Declaration of Independence and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, and as the founder of the University of Virginia.

The United States Government

Ben’s Guide to the U.S. Government for kids – A great place to start learning about the US government.

Library of Congress: American Memory – This amazing site has thousands of pictures to view about many topics in American history.

A Chronology of United States Historical Documents – From the Magna Carta to President Bush’s 2002 State of the Union, they are all there.

America’s Story – From America’s Library

State Governments of the United States

Spotty’s White House Tour for kids

Congress for Kids Home Page – Congress for Kids gives you access to interactive, fun-filled experiences designed to help you learn about the foundation of our federal government and how its actions affect you.

iCivics – iCivics is a free, interactive, web-based program designed to teach students civics and inspire them to be active participants in our democracy. Our Courts is the vision of Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, who is concerned that students are not getting the information and tools they need for civic participation, and that civics teachers need better materials and support.


Electing a President for Kids

President for a Day – WANTED: Man or Woman for top government position. Must have been born in the United States, be at least 35 years old, and be a U.S. citizen.

How the President of the United States is Elected

Vote: The Machinery of Democracy – This exhibition looks at the history of voting methods in the United States, which are as varied as the individual states and their local election districts.

Justice by the People – The following easy-to-use, turnkey lesson plans and student reproducibles are designed to help you teach students about the Sixth and Seventh Amendments to the United States Constitution and the critical importance of the right to trial by jury.

U.S. Electoral College – Frequently asked questions, history, how electors vote, and more

How the Electoral College Works

Elections 101 – The government–whether it’s in Washington, DC, in your state, or in your hometown–affects your life and by voting, you get to say what’s important to you, and you say it straight to the politicians.

Early Republic

Revolution – After defeating the world’s most awesome military power, Americans turn to the task of creating a government that will live up to their high ideals.

Shays’ Rebellion: A Massachusetts Farmer’s Account

Political Parties, Platforms, and Planks

History of Political Parites

The Whiskey Rebellion and the New American Republic

The Death of George Washington

The Alien and Sedition Acts – This was not a good time to be an immigrant. Learn why.

A New System of Government – The struggle between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton in the creation of a new government

Kids in the House – How Laws are Made

How a Bill Becomes a Law

How Laws are Made

A New Nation

Washington’s Farewell Address
 – One of the most significant speeches in Washington’s great career.

James Fenimore Cooper and The Last of the Mohicans – Learn about the author and his famous story of pioneer struggles with Native Americans.

The Story of Rip Van Winkle – Read this classical early American tale.

American Currency Exhibit – Money hasn’t always looked like it does today. Explore the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco’s American Currency Exhibit online and watch history come alive as you step back in time to our nation’s beginning. Learn how our country’s rich history is closely tied with our currency. Discover the role the Federal Reserve has played–and continues to play–in that history.

Foreign Policy

War of 1812 Timeline

Re-living History: The War of 1812

The War of 1812 from SparkNotes.com

Fort McHenry – National Monument and Historic Shrine

Dolly Madison, The White House, and the War of 1812

The Burning of Washington

Paul Jennings: A slave tells of life in the White House – Read about the fascinating story of Mr. Madison’s personal attendant who began his life as a slave on the Virginia plantation of a U.S. president, and ended it as a free man, employed by the U.S. government. Along the way he helped rescue the portrait of George Washington before the British burned the White House.

A Colored Man’s Reminiscences of James Madison: by Paul Jennings – Mr. Jennings also dictated a book about his experiences.2

Tecumseh – Native American Leader

The Treaty of Ghent – The treaty that ended the War of 1812

The “Era of Good Feelings” – Life was good under James Monroe. Find out why.

The Monroe Doctrine – The Monroe Doctrine was part of President James Monroe’s seventh annual message to Congress on December 2, 1823. The European powers, according to Monroe, were obligated to respect the Western Hemisphere as the United States’ sphere of interest.

Westward Expansion

Louisiana Purchase Treaty

PBS: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery

National Geographic: Lewis and Clark – Learn about Lewis & Clark’s adventures through the interactive journal, play games, see photos and maps, and much more.

Go West Across America with Lewis and Clark – Play this on-line game and find out about the Lewis and Clark Expedition

The Lewis and Clark Adventure

Lewis and Clark Photo Gallery

Sacagawea was a valuable member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. As a teenager, she served the Expedition as interpreter, diplomat, and peace symbol. She did all this while carrying her infant son on her back.

Sacagawea (1790-1884)

Andrew Jackson: Good, Evil, & the Presidency – Companion website to the outstanding PBS video. Includes lesson plans for middle and high school.

Indian Removal – How the Indians were forced from their homes by the US government
The Trail of Tears – Cherokee Indians forcibly removed from North Georgia

Liberty for All? America was founded as a free land in which people could live out their own destiny, but at what cost to Native Americans?

All about the Oregon Trail – A fun mini textbook on the Oregon Trail.

Animated Atlas: Growth of a Nation – A ten minute presentation that illustrates the growth of the United States from 1789 to 2000.

The California Gold Rush
All about the Gold Rush 
Gold Rush – U.S. History for Kids
California’s Untold Stories: The Gold Rush

Pony Express Home Station – Learn how mail was delivered in the Old West

19th Century Advertising – A taste of advertisements found in Harper’s Weekly from 1857-1872

The Cumberland Road – The first national road in the United States

The Battle of The Alamo – Learn about this famous battle for the independence of Texas

War with Mexico
A Concise History of the U.S. – Mexican War

The United States – Mexican War

Images of the U.S. – Mexican War

Travis’ Appeal for Aid at the Alamo – William Barret Travis and almost two hundred other defenders found themselves surrounded at the Alamo Mission in San Antonio in late February of 1836. Refusing to surrender, they held off the invading armies of Mexican Dictator Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna for almost two weeks. A letter was written by Travis soon after the Mexicans first appeared in the area around San Antonio. It is often referenced as a supreme example of the virtues of courage and self-sacrifice.

The West – People Index – This interactive biographical dictionary provides concise profiles of the men and women featured in The West

Images of the American West

Union Pacific Railroad History

The Price of Freedom – Click on Western Indian Wars

EyeWitness to the Old West

The Dawes Act – Approved on February 8, 1887, “An Act to Provide for the Allotment of Lands in Severalty to Indians on the Various Reservations,” known as the Dawes Act, emphasized severalty, the treatment of Native Americans as individuals rather than as members of tribes.

At Home in the Heartland – This is an interactive exhibit on people in the prairie from 1800-1850. Read stories based on a midwife, a slave, and a farmer.

Life in the North 

Wake Up, America – The industrial revolution brings Americans new leisure and personal freedom, but also mounting problems for factory workers, including children.

Mary Lyon on the Web – A schoolteacher from Massachusetts, an American pioneer, a remarkable woman who founded the worldwide model of higher education for women–Mount Holyoke College

Horace Mann, “The Father of American Education”

Work, Lyddie! Work! – Are you thinking that school is boring and that it would be more fun to be out working? This is a chance for you to find out what it was like to have to work instead of having the chance to go to school. Analyze primary source documents about early factory labor (mill workers during 1840-1860) showing their hours of labor, ages of laborers, reasons for working, and working conditions. Then read a historical novel about the time Lyddie by Katherine Paterson and research modern day youth labor issues to see if the things faced by Lyddie are really so different today in places where young people do not have the opportunity to go to school. To share what you learned with others, you will write a poem or labor song.

What’s in a Factory? – Step into the role of an early 19th century mill owner. Use the essay “Why A Factory?”, an introductory paragraph, and the diagram of a factory floor to answer: “How many machines, how many people, and how much money are needed to run a factory?” While the numbers you are given will not be exact, they will closely represent the circumstances of an early 19th-century factory.

African-Americans and the Early Pueblo of Los Angeles –

Robert Fulton

James Watt

Women’s Rights

Not For Ourselves Alone – The story of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and their fight for women’s rights

Elizabeth Cady Stanton biography

Susan B. Anthony biography

The Seneca Falls Convention – Learn about the first women’s rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848.

Seneca Falls from the Library of Congress

Seneca Falls Convention – Background and Details

Seneca Falls: The Declaration of Sentiments – Read the document produced by the Seneca Falls Convention

Women and the Vote: Alice Paul’s Fight for Suffrage

Distinguished Women of Past and Present

Life in the South

Before Brother Fought Brother: Life in the North and South 1847-1861 – More Americans lost their lives in the Civil War than in any other conflict. How did the United States arrive at a point at which the South seceded and some families were so fractured that brother fought brother?

The Eli Whitney Museum – Explore the life and work of the inventor of the cotton gin

Slavery: The Terrible Transformation

BlackPast.org – Welcome to the BlackPast.org website. This 10,000 page reference center is dedicated to providing information to the general public on African American history in the United States and on the history of the more than one billion people of African ancestry around the world. It includes an online encyclopedia of hundreds of famous and lesser known figures in African American history, Global African history and specifically the history of African Americans in the West.

Slavery and the Making of America – The first were brought in 1619. The last freed in 1865. In the intervening 250 years, slaves labored to make America what it is today. (PBS)

A Fatal Contradiction – The Declaration of Independence says, “all men are created equal,” but there is a glaring exception — America’s slaves.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade – Database that has information on almost 35,000 slave voyages that forcibly relocated ten million Africans to the Americas.

The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record

Voices from the Days of Slavery – Former Slaves Tell their Stories

Exploring the Triangle Trade and The Middle Passage – The Triangle Trade, though morally reprehensible, was integral to the growth of the economies of the United States and Great Britain. The last leg of that trek, known as the Middle Passage, retains the infamy of having been a horrific journey for Africans who had been free in their countries but were being enslaved in the Americas. The Middle Passage is synonymous with intense human suffering, degradation, and mortality.

Slave Code of 1833 – The Africane, the first slave ship to bring slaves to the area, entered the port of Mobile in 1721. In 1724 the French Code Noir was extended into the Mobile area and provided the basic laws and conditions of slavery. Additional laws were passed to regulate slavery after Alabama became a territory and then a state. The antebellum legal status of slaves and “free persons of color” in the state of Alabama was defined and codified in the Slave Code of 1833. The laws discussed runaways, emancipation, sale, and other matters pertaining to slaves.

Point of View of Former Slaves – During the Great Depression of the 1930s interviewers for the Federal Writers’ Project, the majority of whom were white, talked to many elderly African-Americans about their experiences as slaves.

Letter from a Freedmen To His Old Master – In August of 1865, a Colonel P.H. Anderson of Big Spring, Tennessee, wrote to his former slave, Jourdan Anderson, and requested that he come back to work on his farm. Jourdan — who, since being emancipated, had moved to Ohio, found paid work, and was now supporting his family — responded spectacularly by way of the letter seen below (a letter which, according to newspapers at the time, he dictated).

To Be A Slave – “To be a slave. To be owned by another person, as a car, house, or table is owned. To live as a piece of property that could be sold–a child sold from its mother, a wife from her husband.”

Growing Up in Slavery – Meet Fannie Moore, who was born a slave in South Carolina in 1849. She told her story in 1937 at the age of 88.

Encyclopedia of Slavery

Time Line of African American History, 1852-1880

The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record – The thousand images in this collection have been selected from a wide range of sources, most of them dating from the period of slavery.

Underground Railroad – History of Slavery, Pictures, Information

The Underground Railroad: Escape from Slavery – The year is 1860. Nearly four million enslaved African Americans live in the South. Follow one of these slaves along the Underground Railroad, a secret network of hiding places and brave people who helped runaway slaves reach freedom.

The Life of Harriet Tubman – The life of the leader of the Underground Railroad is explored.

Narrative of Sojourner Truth – Born into slavery, Sojourner Truth was easily one of the earliest human and women’s rights activists.

A biography of George Washington Carver

Accounts of Former Slaveholders – This lesson studies slavery from the view of slaveholders. James A. Tait was a wealthy slaveholder in Wilcox County, Alabama. He recorded notes about his slaves, including births and family relationships, in a memorandum book. He also recorded his thoughts and advice to his children on the mangement of slaves and his plantation.

White Southerners’ Defense of Slaveholding – Students will read transcriptions of articles from two Augusta County, Virginia, newspapers to see how white southerners defended the institution of slavery.

The Abolition Movement

SprarkNotes: Pre-Civil War (1820-1860)

Missouri Compromise – This legislation admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a non-slave state at the same time, so as not to upset the balance between slave and free states in the nation. It also outlawed slavery above the 36� 30´ latitude line in the remainder of the Louisiana Territory.

The Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act

Kansas-Nebraska Act – Officially titled “An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas,” this act repealed the Missouri Compromise, which had outlawed slavery above the 36� 30′ latitude in the Louisiana territories and reopened the national struggle over slavery in the western territories.

Bleeding Kansas

The Dred Scott Case – In this ruling, the U.S. Supreme Court stated that slaves were not citizens of the United States and, therefore, could not expect any protection from the Federal Government or the courts. The opinion also stated that Congress had no authority to ban slavery from a Federal territory.

Dred Scott’s fight for freedom

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

John Brown’s Raid – “The crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood.”
John Brown’s Raid – Abolitionist, rebel

William Lloyd Garrison – Creator of a very influential abolitionist newspaper

Frederick Douglass Biography

Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Read the text to the entire book

The Civil War

Eyewitness to History: The American Civil War

A War to End Slavery – The most terrible war in America’s history is fought over the future of slavery in our nation.

SparkNotes: The Civil War (1861-1865)

Time Line of the Civil War: 1861-1865

A Nation Divided – The U.S. Civil War Timeline

The Civil War Home Page – One of the largest and most comprehensive collections of Civil War related material available on the Internet.

Interactive Civil War Map – Interactive map on major Civil War locations

The American Civil War Home Page

Colonel Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Regiment – The story behind the man who led the troops in the movie “Glory.”

Camp Life: Civil War Collections – This exhibit showcases some of the belongings made or used by Union and Confederate soldiers. These items helped the soldiers cope with the long days in camp.

Civil War Photographs
Selected Civil War Photographs – from the Library of Congress web site
Civil War at the Smithsonian – Houses an extraordinary array of Civil War artifacts in nearly a dozen of its museums and archives.
Civil War @ Smithsonian – This is a wonderful site with great collection of photographs from the Smithsonian’s collection.
Images of the Civil War
In pictures: Faces of US Civil War

The Battle of Antietam – Learn about the bloodiest single day in American history.

Eyewitness to the Battle of Gettysburg

The Battlle of Gettysburg

The Gettysburg Address – Read Lincoln’s most famous speech

See images of the Gettysburg Address

Recipes of the Civil War Era – Learn about what Civil War soldiers ate and make their recipes

The Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation Primary Source Documents

The Emancipation Proclamation for Kids

Emancipation Proclamation Summary Facts

President Lincoln Signs the Emancipation Proclamation – EyeWitness to History

Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address

Abraham Lincoln Cartoons – Comic Portraits of His Presidency

Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination

The New York Times on Lincoln’s Assassination

A Booth Saves a Lincoln!


Digital History: Reconstruction – The twelve years following the Civil War carried vast consequences for the nation’s future. They helped set the pattern for future race relations and defined the federal government’s role in promoting racial equality.

“Emancipation,” Thomas Nast lithograph, circa 1865, zoomable image

What is Freedom? – After the Civil War political turmoil takes place in Washington, D.C. and a new age of segregation begins.

SparkNotes: Reconstruction

Reconstruction: The Second Civil War – Offers teachers and students information and resources for learning about such topics in American history as the Civil War, slavery, abolition, nation building after war, the cotton economy, sharecropping, federal government intervention in the states, and much more.

A Timeline of Reconstruction: 1865-1877

A Visual Timeline of Reconstruction: 1863-1877

Reconstruction and its Aftermath

The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow – Jim Crow was not a person, yet affected the lives of millions of people. Named after a popular 19th-century minstrel song that stereotyped African Americans, “Jim Crow” came to personify the system of government-sanctioned racial oppression and segregation in the United States.

The Ku Klux Klan – Read about the beginnings of this hate group inspired by the events of Reconstruction.

13th, 14th, and 15 Amendments

Slavery in the Constitution

Juneteenth – Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of slavery in the United States.  Dating back to 1865, it was on June 19 19th that the Union soldiers, led by Major General Gordon Granger, landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free.

Visit to the Autry National Center

Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution – A Virtual Museum

The Turn of the Century – The turn of the century was a time of amazing growth and change for America. The face of the entire world was changing and America was at the heart of the change. Invention, experimentation, industry and innovation were the hallmarks of the turn of the century. These and the personalities of the people who created them transformed America into the diverse melting pot that it has become.

Rise of Industrial America

The Great Railroad Race – Here is your chance to help America become united and economically strong. The Civil War has begun but it still takes months of dangerous travel to get across the U.S. from coast to coast. Business leaders, military planners, and travelers want a much faster and cheaper way to move goods and people. They want ships from Asia to be able to land in California and then send goods to buyers overland, rather than sending the ships all the way around the tip of South America to eastern harbors. In order to be strong, the nation must decide where to build a railroad to unite East and West. In 1862 Abraham Lincoln signs the Pacific Railway Act.

Technology in the 1900’s

Work, Lyddie! Work! – Are you thinking that school is boring and that it would be more fun to be out working? This is a chance for you to find out what it was like to have to work instead of having the chance to go to school. Analyze primary source documents about early factory labor (mill workers during 1840-1860) showing their hours of labor, ages of laborers, reasons for working, and working conditions. Then read a historical novel about the time Lyddie by Katherine Paterson and research modern day youth labor issues to see if the things faced by Lyddie are really so different today in places where young people do not have the opportunity to go to school. To share what you learned with others, you will write a poem or labor song.

What’s in a Factory? – Step into the role of an early 19th century mill owner. Use the essay “Why A Factory?”, an introductory paragraph, and the diagram of a factory floor to answer: “How many machines, how many people, and how much money are needed to run a factory?” While the numbers you are given will not be exact, they will closely represent the circumstances of an early 19th-century factory.

The Chinese Boycott Case

The Industrialists: Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, and Leland Stanford

Andrew Carnegie: The Richest Man in the World

Andrew Carnegie Biography

Andrew Carnegie Timeline

Andrew Carnegie from Wikipedia

John D. Rockefeller Biography

John D. Rockefeller from Wikipedia

Leland Stanford from Wikipedia

Leland Stanford Biography

Famous Inventors and Inventions 
Industrial Revolution Inventors

Great Inventors of the Industrial Revolution

Mystery Inventors/Inventions

Inventions from A-Z

Inventors – History and Biography Resources

Inventors and Inventions – Search for inventors and inventions by name, historical era, country, or field. Under A you will find everything from adhesive tape to Archimedes with a working level demonstrated. Each entry is a brief encyclopedic description, many enhanced by pictures.

Technology Timeline: 1752 – 1990

Gallery: Telephones Through the Years

Forgotten Inventors

The Wright Brothers
Chasing the Sun – Orville and Wilbur Wright
Wright Brothers Aviation Homepage

American Federation of Labor – The history of one of the first federation of labor unions in the United States

Henry Ford Lesson Plan

World War I

Mr. Dowling on World War I

Eyewitness to History – World War I

World War I from American Memory of the Library Congress

Trenches on the Web – A very comprehensive site about the Great War

Trench Warfare – Put yourself in the position of generals at the front with this Trench Warfare game. (You will need to use Firefox or Internet Exlorer to view this game)

First World War.com – A multimedia history of World War I

The Western Front – Would you have made a good officer? – This simulation is intended to aid students’ understanding of what the First World War must have been like for the men who fought it

The Great War – Interactive Timeline

Trenches on the web timeline

Over the Top – Over the Top is an interactive adventure game that allows YOU to experience life in the trenches during the First World War. As a young Canadian soldier stationed somewhere along the Western Front in the late Fall of 1916, you will live through some of the excitement, despair, brutality and sheer horror of trench warfare.

World War I posters

Photos from WWI

The Armenian Genocide

Armenian Genocide – Summary of events, quotes, articles of the time, first-hand accounts, suggested readings and pictures

Armenian Genocide from the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies

Useful Answers to Frequent Questions on the Armenian Genocide

The Great Depression

Child Labor in America

Voices from the Dust Bowl

Documenting America – America from the Great Depression to the World War II Photographs

World War II

Mr. Dowling on World War II

Eyewitness to World War II

World War II Timeline with Pictures

World War II unit of study

National Geographic presents D-Day

The Battle of Midway

The Battle of the Bulge from PBS

Japanese Internment
“Suffering Under a Great Injustice” – Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar

War Relocation Internment Camps

Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution

The Atomic Bomb
Remembering Nagasaki – The atomic bomb is dropped on Japan

The History of the Atomic Bomb

The Holocaust
Remember.org – A Cybrary of the Holocaust

Learning about the Holocaust

Museum of Tolerance online

A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust